Analyzing the growth and trends of vertical axis wind turbine research: Insight from a bibliometric study

Elysa Nensy Irawan, Nuur Wachid Abdul Majid, Liptia Venica, Fahrur Aslami, Goro Fujita


Bibliometric analysis research has been done for vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT). This study aims to determine the growth of VAWT research, the number of VAWT studies in various countries and the most influential authors to find opportunities for research collaboration, and the challenges of future VAWT research. Research data was taken from Scopus in 1801 articles from 1970-2021. The software used for data interpretation was VosViewer 1.6.19 and Tableau Public 2022.2. Based on the analysis, VAWT research has tended to increase from 1970-2021, although there was a decrease from 1987-2006. The country that has conducted the most VAWT research is China, while the author with the highest number of citations is from Italy. The most dominant research topic related to VAWT research is computational fluid dynamics (CFD), which is 50.14 % of the total. A future challenge related to VAWT research is finding a suitable turbulence model for each type of VAWT or finding an airfoil optimization method so that a model with betterperformance is obtained. Opportunities for research collaboration can be carried out with China or an author with the highest number of citations who has expertise in the field of CFD.


bibliometric analysis; Tableau Public 2022.2 software; vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT); VosViewer 1.6.19 software.

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